The textile industry hopes that the exclusion of fly ash and bottom ash (FABA) from B3 will have a positive impact on the industry. This is because many factories still use stoker boilers so that the FABA produced is still in the B3 category.

As is known, PP No. 2/2021, the derivative regulation of the Job Creation Law, regulates the Implementation of Environmental Protection and Management, and only issues FABA originating from the PLTU.

Secretary General of the Indonesian Association of Fiber and Filament Yarn Producers (APSyFI) Redma Wirawasta said that for the upstream textile industry, more than half of them already use steam engines and builders, so they can take advantage of these regulations. Meanwhile, all downstream textile factories still use stoker boilers whose waste has not been exempted from B3.

"This means that it should still have a positive impact on the industry because of the reduction in PLN's costs which will also drop to user fees," he said.

However, in principle, Redma hopes that FABA from stoker boilers will also be excluded from B3. This is because the management costs of FABA are very large and only one landfill can process this FABA in Bogor, West Java.

Redma said that in other countries this FABA was not included in B3. Moreover, one of the APSyFI member factories at that time had also succeeded in utilizing FABA from a textile factory for brick-making but had to be reprimanded for not having a utilization permit.

"If it is excluded from B3, it can be processed immediately without the need for a utilization permit, even though APSyFI members also utilize the surrounding community but must be reprimanded by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry," said Redma.

Separately confirmed, the Secretary General of the Indonesian Textile Association (API) Rizal Tanzil Rakhman hopes that FABA from the textile industry which still uses stoker boiler technology will also be excluded. The reason is, Rizal said that the FABA waste products have the same physical benefits, namely that they can be used for cement and the like.

According to him, if the textile industry FABA could also be excluded, it would be considered to be very helpful for the industry, especially in its current recovery condition.