Hibori is not a new technique that exists in the fashion world. This traditional Japanese fabric coloring uses a special technique so that not all surfaces are colored so that they form non-identical geometric patterns which are the center of their beauty. Because of that aesthetic, shibori dye was found on a number of runways at New York Fashion Week spring/summer 2023, such as at the fashion house show Altuzarra and Ulla Johnson who used the shibori technique to make clothes with a bohemian feel. Because of the similar way of making it, it is dipped after being tied to produce a certain pattern, shibori dye is at first glance similar to jumputan batik from Indonesia and tie-dye from the United States. Let's get to know shibori more deeply and how it differs from other coloring techniques, Beauties!
Starting from China, this coloring technique has been known and practiced in various countries since centuries ago. Citing the Indonesian Batik website, Peru did this technique before European colonialism. The same technique is carried out in Indonesia with the term batik jumputan, while the term shibori is known in Japanese society.
Shibori dye has been practiced in Japan since the 8th century, during the reign of Emperor Shomu. The textiles that the emperor included in the collection at Todai-Ji Temple in Nara have shibori motifs attesting to this historical line.
However, shibori became popular among Japanese people since the Edo period of the 17th - 19th centuries. Launching the Japan Objects website, shibori dye emerged as an alternative to silk which was prohibited from being worn by the lower classes. Since then, indigo dyeing techniques have been developed, for example, tsutsugaki, which uses rice to form patterns.
Then, what about tie-dye from the west? Launching the Fave Crafts page, tie-dye became popular in the United States in the 1960s where motifs were composed of multi-colored, while at that time shibori was only obtained in dark blue.
This relatively fun and colorful psychedelic motif is often used by musicians and artists. Now, tie-dye is often applied to various objects, ranging from shirts, shoes, bags, and others and is commonly used as summer fashion items.
Differences in Shibori Motifs and Others
Shibori has more detailed and intricate motifs that distinguish it from similar techniques from other countries, Beauties. There are 6 standard shibori techniques that can be used to create the desired image, namely kumo shibori, miura shibori, kanoko shibori, arashi shibori, nui shibori, and itajime shibori.
The technique that is usually applied to this kimono is done in various ways and tools, ranging from tied with rubber, sewn, folded and held together with two pieces of wood to produce geometric motifs (itajime), wrapped around copper poles to produce motifs resembling thunderstorms (arashi), and others.
On the other hand, tie-dye is often recognized by its swirl motifs or swirls and ombre shapes. The motif is manifested in colorful vibrations that collide with each other. This twisting pattern is obtained by twisting the fabric and tying it with rubber before being given a different color.