Batik makers at UKM Putra Serayu, Notog Village, Banyumas Regency, Central Java, participated in a Japanese-style shibori technique training organized by the Community Service Team (PKM) at Jenderal Soedirman University (Unsoed). Unsoed PKM Team Leader Ari Asnani explained that shibori is a textile technique from Japan by dyeing, tying, folding, twisting, and sewing fabrics to form unique patterns. According to him, the shibori technique and process is more varied than the jumputan technique which has been commonly used to make jumputan cloth in batik art.
There are six known shibori techniques, namely kanoko, arashi, itajime, miura, kumo, and nui.
"Acculturation of jumputan techniques and shibori techniques for product design development is expected to be able to produce products with more diverse motifs so that they are more competitive," he said, Monday (26/9).
The lecturer in the Department of Chemistry at the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences (MIPA) Unsoed said the combination of technique and product innovation would make jumputan-shibori acculturation an attractive contemporary-style textile product.
He said, the dye used in shibori is indigo dye derived from the Indigofera tinctorial plant which gives it a blue color.
"The next development is the use of synthetic dyes, namely naptol, remasol, and indigosol which are more practical to use and vary in color," said Asnani.
During the activity, all participants actively participated in combining asymmetry and symmetry folding in order to obtain new patterns.
"The results of pattern development are systematically recorded and compiled as a design guide for shibori patterns," he said.
Asnani said the results of the PKM activity were in the form of fabrics with appropriate symmetry-asymmetry patterns as horizontal and vertical reflections of triangular and rectangular patterns. He said the PKM activities produced 19 shibori motifs.
"The results of monev (monitoring and evaluation), PKM activities show that the average level of participant satisfaction is good with a percentage of 18 percent and very good with a percentage of 80 percent," said Asnani