The government in recent years has intensively knitted the hope of economic growth, through the development of Industrial Estates or Special Economic Zones (SEZs). A number of integrated areas have begun to be built in several regions of Indonesia. Areas that have geoeconomic and regional geostrategic advantages are given special facilities and incentives as investment attractions. The special area is then functioned to accommodate industrial activities, exports, imports, and other activities with high economic value. That way, when the area is operational, it can create jobs and improve the economy of the community and country.
So, what are the special areas that the Government will start knitting in 2021? Here's the list.
SEZ Lido in Bogor Regency, West Java
On September 8, 2021, the Government inaugurated the groundbreaking (laying of the first stone) for the construction of the Lido SEZ. Launching from the official website of the National Council for Special Economic Zones of the Republic of Indonesia, the Lido SEZ is a SEZ with the type of tourism business managed by PT MNC Land Lido.
The Tourism SEZ with an area of 1,040 hectares is targeted to reap an investment value of Rp 32 trillion in the next 20 years and will absorb 29,545 workers. The SEZ is planned to be built into a tourist location with various attractions, ranging from a world-class theme park, golf course, film studio, music & arts center, to retail and dining.
Especially for theme parks, it is predicted that it will be able to increase the number of visits by domestic tourists (wisnus) and foreign tourists (tourists) by an average of 3.17 million tourists per year.
Gresik SEZ in Gresik Regency, East Java
The government has designated the Java Integrated Industrial and Ports Estate (JIIPE) as the Gresik SEZ with an area of 2,167 hectares on June 28, 2021. The SEZ managed by PT Berkah Kawasan Manyar Sejahtera (BKMS) has the main types of business, namely the metal industry (smelter), the electronics industry, the chemical industry, the energy industry and logistics.
The Gresik SEZ is expected to realize the investment target of Rp 237.86 trillion by 2030. If fully operational, the Gresik SEZ is projected to absorb around 191,000 direct workers. Meanwhile, on October 12, 2021, President Jokowi will hold a groundbreaking for PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI) at the Gresik SEZ.
PTFI is the anchor tenant of the Gresik SEZ with investment in the construction of a smelter reaching Rp 42 trillion with export and domestic off takers, which will contribute positively to the value of Indonesia's exports and import substitution.
The capacity of the smelter being built will be able to process 1.7 million tons of copper concentrate per year. There is also a precious metal refinery (PMR) which produces an average of 35 tons of gold and can be used as a substitute for gold imports by PT Aneka Tambang (Persero) Tbk or ANTAM.
President Jokowi carries out the construction and development of industrial estates in Indonesia. The proof is that Jokowi conducted the groundbreaking of the Green Industrial Estate in North Kalimantan on December 21, 2021.
This area is claimed to be the largest Green Industrial Area in the world with a target area of 30,000 hectares. This project is the result of investment cooperation between Indonesia, China and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Owned by PT Kalimantan Industrial Park Indonesia (KIPI) and PT Kawasan Industri Kalimantan Indonesia (KIKI).
The area which will utilize new and renewable energy (EBT) will cost an investment of US$ 132 billion or around Rp. 1,848 trillion.
When construction is estimated to require 100,000 workers. Meanwhile, when operating, it can absorb more than 200,000 workers.
This industrial area will use the latest technology. Because it produces sodium-ion, lithium-ion, semiconductor, to petrochemical.
These results will later give birth to derivatives that can be used as textiles and other products. Such as green aluminum, solar panels, to industrial silicon.
In addition, the development of a new energy battery is utilized to support the Government's program related to reducing carbon emissions by 2030 through the use of electric vehicles.
The Green Industrial Estate, which is located in the Tanah Kuning area, is said to have seen its benefits in the next 5-10 years.