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Secretary General of the Indonesian Filament Yarn and Fiber Association (APSyFI) Redma Gita Wirawasta revealed that the national upstream textile industry is currently producing yarn produced from used Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) drinking bottles. According to Redma, currently, Indonesia has 3 upstream textile factories that produce filament fiber made from used PET bottles. With a capacity of about 50 thousand tons. "This year there will be an additional investment of 300 thousand tons of recycled filament yarn industry. Currently there are 3 companies, but the capacity is still small. With this the total recycled filament industry will be around 350 thousand tons," said Redma (29/7/ 2022).

He said the threads from the used drinking bottle filament fibers were supplied to the garment industry abroad in the European Union. Namely, the sportswear industry.

"Indeed it is for export. In the European Union, currently the sportswear industry has asked for more materials from recycle. Because there is an intensive campaign there, using recycled materials," said Redma.

"Brands like Adidas prefer to use recycled materials. Some of the national soccer team's shirts have used recycled PET bottles. Like the German and British national teams," said Redma.

In addition, he said, the recycled filament yarn is sold to the local garment industry. The products are sold to the export market.

The use of raw materials from used PET bottles, he said, helps reduce dependence on basic raw materials. Moreover, he continued, the supply of raw materials for the domestic polyester-producing industry is also limited.

"This is also part of our commitment to preserving the environment towards green products, green industry, and a circular economy. The used bottles are supplied from local collectors," said Redma.

Although, he added, using the raw material for used PET bottles would require additional costs.

"Indeed there is an additional cost, because they have to use additional materials. However, buyers also want to pay more. There is a market, a niche market," said Redma.

It's just that, he added, the price of yarn made from used PET bottles is sometimes cheaper than yarn that uses fiber from basic raw materials (virgin).

"Because of this polyester, the price is very much affected by fluctuations in world crude oil prices," he said.

New Factory

Regarding the new factory, Redma said, if it is operational, it will absorb up to 50 thousand tons of used drinking bottles.

"So far, at most 20 thousand tons of used PET bottles have been absorbed. During the last 3 years, they are still importing from Thailand. It's already in the form of chips, plastic flakes that are processed from used PET bottles. However, this new factory will absorb 50 thousand tons of bottles. directly. Used bottles, and local. So, it can reduce the waste of used bottles in the country and suppress chip imports," said Redma.